Street Fighting Statistics & Medical Outcomes linked to Karate & Bunkai Selection







karate bunkai street fight medical book statistics
  For martial arts and based on emergency department police assault & tournament fight injury data 


2nd Edition Published 2012, ISBN 9781471083969 

A 231 page full color 8.5x11 inch book on emergency department & police assault data from street fights inclduing the common anatomy, physiology & medical outcomes (injuries) of the technqiues thatat frequently occur.






Map your karate curriculum & kata bunkai, training & art to what the statistics show occur in the street.



Content assembled from & related to::
    • multiple doctors, MMA/BJJ, taekwondo & karate practitioners

    • emergency department & assault data

    • the anatomy of techniques & how they cause medical damage (injuries)

    • analysis of Karate & kata bunkai evolution given street fighting needs & what the stats say

    • Psychology research & mapping modern finding on violence to fudoshin, mushin etc..

    • curriculum design/examples based on street fight stats

    • includes over 130 color images & and cites the more than 140 references used (contents below)



bunkai self defense statistics karate kata


Very few fighters/trainers have looked at the medical facts related to people’s fighting injuries and why they present at a hospital after street fighting or violent assault. To ensure one is studying the correct techniques for self defense, we should be looking at what is potentially damaging and combining that with a balance of the probability that such an injury will actually occur. This is opposed to blindly practicing techniques year after year that according to the data rarely cause an injury in a street fight.
 
Martial artists can take a lesson from the medical practice acronym “EBP” which stands for evidence-based practice. Medical practitioners use “evidence-based practice” as a practice pathway that involves a doctor analyzing data to establish a path of treatment, or future practice. Practicing the art of self defense should involve training with an understanding of the data related to what violence damages people in the streets. It should not simply follow what martial arts teaches for sports environments based on either “points” or “tap outs” in rule limited systems.



Figure 136 taken from book: Selecting a curriculum & kata bunkai which pulls from the large pool of traditional karate techniques, yet also overlaps with the pool of probable injury causing  street techniques. The above circles represent that overlap zone. For karate-ka, the data & mapping allows an audit of techniques and de-emphasizing of things that do not sit in the probable injury zone e.g. arm-bars in one-on-one standing combat, chokes, cross-check grab (one form of kake-uke), mid-level/high side kick etc. (contrary to some UFC or MMA outcomes & some 
traditional kata bunkai lessons, these techniques do not have high street fight injury rates; as discussed in Sections A, F3.3, F3.4). 
The text also balances the assumptions of a difference in needs and practicality between ego-based fights, law enforcement/bouncers and truly life threatening violent assault.


throat strike carotid anatomy martial arts bubishi karate





















Book Contents

Section A:    Medically relevant outcomes of Street Fights - the data!

  

“Practical martial arts” defined by medically important  injury rates

 

A1    What is practical in Martial Arts & Self Defense? Use data!

13

A2    The data on Choking and Strangulation Techniques

25

A3    The need for Break-Fall Techniques?

27

A4    Statistics on Grappling Techniques

28

A5    Statistics on Striking versus Grappling Techniques

29

A6    Group Assault

34

A7    Sharp & Blunt Objects as Weapons

34

A8    Martial Arts “Budo” training - “All roads lead to Rome”

36

 

 

Full contact fighting vs. point fighting vs. & evolution of the
traditional martial arts

 

A9     A brief evolution of martial arts

38

A10   Karate as a case study on the history of Okinawan forms, sports martial
          arts & their relationship to self defense


42

A11   Jack of all trades and master of none – inner strength in technique

                                        – karate, kung fu, kick boxing, MMA & boxing


44

      A12    WKF & Shotokan point style systems and their impact on bunkai 

                                        & self defense drills


45

A13    Combative scenario flow charts for fighting

48

A14    Sports physiology & modern competitive fighting approaches

50

A15    WKF & other tournament medical reports

52

A16    Moving beyond just block counter

53

 

 

Section B:    The Psychology of Violence – attacker and defender considerations

B16.1   The Psychology of self-defense and attackers



 

Psychological Theory behind Self-Defense

 

B1.1   The Psychology of self-defense and attackers

55

B1.2   Importance of preparation and training

56

B1.3   Dispelling some myths about self-defense

57

 

 

Applied Psychology in Violent Encounters

 

B2.1   What makes you a target?

58

B2.2   What are the situations to avoid?

58

B2.3   Pre-encounter awareness

60

B2.4   Recognizing the type of criminal

61

B2.5     De-escalation, not backing down & knowing when to back down

62

B3        How to use the eyes in the pre-fight & fight:
             technique detection & influence opponents

 


63

B4      Attitude once an assault has begun – tying ancient budo  
            philosophy to modern psychology


63

B5     The stress response to extreme danger & how that effects fighting
           capabilities


65

 

 

Section C:    Commentary on The Law and Self Defense considerations

 

 

 

C1        Foreword by the primary author, Jason Armstrong

68

C2        An Overview of law considerations by Adrian Cartland

70

 

 

Section D:    The Medical & Physiology mechanisms of techniques that according to
                          statistics are  more likely in street fights

 

 

 

The mechanics of a knock-out – physiology & medical outcomes

73

D1.2    The difference of not seeing it coming - “The King Hit”
              - the importance of the jaw and neck muscles


78


D1.3    Rotational force is a key in knockouts

81

D1.4    The back of the head as a target

81

D1.5    When the chin is struck directly from the front

82

D1.6   Knock-out via the temple region

82

D1.7    Where to strike the jaw and the outcomes

83

D2    Damaging the jaw bone and jaw joint/hinge

84

D3    “Ground and pound” – knocking out people on the ground?

86

D4    Diagnostics to prevent follow-on injury for martial artists

                                       after concussion

87

56

 

 

Striking people in the temple region and other possible skull fractures

88

 

 

Impact & throw derived whiplash

91

 

 

The nose as a target

93

 

 

Injuries to the cheek region

94

 

 

Attacks to the ear

95

 

 

Tooth damage or loss: What to do before arriving at the dentist

97

 

 

Strikes to the eyes

99

D11.1   Eye injury types related to strikes

 

D11.2   Detection of incoming attacks & psychological considerations

 

 

 

Throat & Carotid Strikes

106

D12.1   Blood choke versus air chokes

 

 

 

Striking the ribs & stomach region

111

D13   Ribs and pneumothorax

114

D13.1   Striking the liver or spleen

116

D13.2   Striking the solar plexus, why it hurts & why you cannot breathe

118

 

 

Impacting the Kidney region

119

 

 

Bladder ruptures & contusions

121

 

 

Hematomas - using thigh or calf kick as an example

123

 

 

Section E:     Medically relevant issues related to long-term martial arts training

                        - but not likely to be related to serious street fight outcomes

 

 

 

Elbow injuries related to reverse joint locks

126

 

 

Punching with snap and elbow lockout

                           - is it the traditional way to do the technique?


129

 

 

“Ude Tanren” – Bone, arm, hand and leg conditioning

132

 

 

Damage to the testicles

136

 

 

Back pain related to martial arts training

                            - linking it to fighting stances, stretches & everyday posture

138

 

 

Damaging the knee

154

 

 

Broken fingers and toes

162

 

 

Ganglions

164

 

 

Herpes Gladatorium

165

 

 

Staphylococcus Skin infections

166

 

 

Section F:     Mapping a curriculum to address your sport & the street fighting data

                        - a case study with karate compared to modern fighting styles

 

 

 

Considerations in sports & traditional curriculum design to ensure
             a coverage of the medically important techniques


168

139


 

Example belt test curricula with a data map to the
top 7 street injury types

              F1   Relevance to street scenarios while holding to an art’s “tradition”
              F2   Curriculum focus versus diversity – evidence based practice (EBP)
              F3    A gender based curriculum?
              F4    A note on kicks
              F5    Drills, Bunkai examples & their relevance to the street
              F6    Examples of common kata bunkai trends that are not justified
              F7    Sample curricula focused around the Top 7 most likely techniques
                               - white through to black belt curricula

 

 




176

178

179
183

202


 
   References
 
   Tables & Figures list         
                                      
 
   Contributors Include: 
       
Dr. Jonathan Shirley (M.D.), Dr. Matthew gentner (Oral Surgeon) 
      Dr. Jason Amrstron (Ph.D.), Lee-ann Barkhuizen (specialty nurse)        
       
Dr. Sarven McLinton (Psychology), Greg & Jaki Scovell (Taekwondo & Karate), 
      Adrian cartland (Lawyer, Karate & MMA)

   About the primary author:
 
In producing this text Dr Jason Armstrong, 7th Dan, has brought together 3 clinical contributors and 3 martial artists. Jason himself has fought in a full contact MMA event in Japan, and has been studying martial arts for 25 years. He has held national titles in both fighting and forms, lived in Japan for a number of years and currently holds a 6th degree black belt in Shito-ryu Karate and a Shihan title.

Jason currently works as the CEO of Medeserv, a medically focused IT company which provides clinicians with ongoing training for practice registration – the company is wholly owned subsidiary of the University of Queensland.
   








Subscribe to our Newsletters & Updates