Annanko (Ananku, Ananko) Kata History & Bunkai (video & article)
The Kata has at least 2 stories around its origins - both Taiwan related. One is that it was a fighting from native Taiwan and moved to Japan/Okinawa from there. The other, by historian John Sells (8th Dan), is that Kyan Chotoku (a Okinawan karate practitioner who lead to the founding of the Shorin styles) went for a time to Taiwan and upon returning to Okinawa, he began to teach a new kata called Ananku. This historical note suggest Chotoku had created it as a basic kata from techniques developed from or inspired by his Taiwan adventures.
Left: A photograph of the reported founder of the Kata Annanko - Kyan Chotoku.
The modern kanji representing Annanko, translate as "Light from the South". See the below video clip for the kata's kanji (Chinese characters).
Right: Okinawa's location in relation to Taiwan and China.
Regarding the sports karate world, Anannko is not included on the WKF Shitei list (at least in 2009 that was the case). Shorin-ryu, Shorinji-ryu and Shito-ryu (with such sub-styles as Seito shito-ryu, Hayashi ha, Shitokai, Tani-ha, Shukokai & Renbukan) are the most often seen pratitioners of this kata.
The below LHS video is a version of the Kata performed in Okinawa by Shorinji-ryu (by one of Joen Nakazato sensei senior students in 2009). Joen Nakazato (1922-2010) was the last surviving direct student direct student of Kyan Chotoku)
The below RHS video is a portion of a 46min teaching video on the kata, its history & bunkai by Shihan Jason Armstrong (of a Tani shito-ryu lineage) & Sensei Greg Scovell.
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This video (partial preview above) includes bunkai and the Kata is performed fast and slow at different angles including a slow instructor-based walk-through of the pattern. Bunkai for the entire kata are referenced to an evidence based approach related to street, emergency, police & UFC data/statistics.
Shihan Jason Armstrong, 6th Dan, and Sensei Greg Scovell are the primary instructors & demosntarters in this video. Nick Lukich (Amgen Dojo) also demonstrates a version of the kata. Shihan Jason's shito-ryu version of the kata was filmed when he was a 5th Dan at a time shortly after he returned from living in Japan in 2002. The bunkai was filmed in 2012.